"Where does it say that you have a contract with G-d to have an easy life?"

the Lubavitcher Rebbe

"Failure is not the enemy of success; it is its prerequisite."

Rabbi Nosson Scherman

19 Apr 2018

P alliterations

The Jews who fought back: the story of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

The Power Of Praise

Vocals releases new rendition of Prayer for Israel's Welfare

Video: A Prerequisite to Prayer

George W. Bush Reveals What His Mother Said The Day Before She Died


Matzav originally posted a handwritten letter but now there is a version that was typed on the computer so it is an easier read. A must!!! - A Letter Written By Yisroel Levin z”l to a Camper

At Anti-Semitism Debate, MP Mann Says that “Zionist” is an “Insult” in Corbyn’s Party


18 Apr 2018


A Letter Written By Yisroel Levin z”l to a Camper - You will have to increase your screen size to read it but it is incredibly written by a person of such a young age. It is well worth reading and insightful, particularly what he had to say about prayer.

A letter written by George HW Bush to his wife Barbara in 1943 upon their engagement can be read over here.

17 Apr 2018

The cheers

EOZ calls readers' attention to JStreet cheering Palestinian intransigence when Husam Zomlot spoke at the conference to applause when he called for no state without East Jerusalem its capital, no state without resolving the issues of refugees, no state without Gaza and no state with one Israeli soldier on its soil.

Tzipi Livni also was met with applause when she spoke.

First principle. A Jewish state is not a religious state. It is the nation state of the Jewish people. This is the raison d'etre of state of Israel. The nature of Israel and its defintion as a Jewish state is not and should not be the monopoly of the ultra-Orthodox parties in Israel. The state of Israel should represent and respect all different streams of Judaism and should give space for everyone to express their faith in the way he or she feels is right. And when talking about space, let's literally make sure that every Jew, no matter how they choose to express their faith, has a space and a place to pray at the Western Wall. It is also meant that conversion should be something that unites all of us and Israel should welcome and recognize all those who convert to Judaism, those who want to be part of the Jewish people, regardless of whatever they converted was, whether it was Orthodox, Reform or other liberal rabbis.

Second, and this is not less important, and this is the second principle. We need to cherish and preserve the nature of Israel as the nation state of the Jewish people with equal rights to all its citizens, without discrimination based on religion, gender or nationality...

Well, in the interests of equality for all citizens, I am sure Ms. Livni will be happy to accommodate Israeli Jews having a space to pray at the Temple Mount.

Am Yisrael Chai

Court: Jews Allowed to Cry ‘Am Yisrael Chai’ on Temple Mount

Israel and the Secret of 70

Prevention Is the Best Medicine

14 Apr 2018

Different versions for different folks

Below are excerpts from various articles describing an incident that took place earlier today.

Four Palestinians died after an explosion in the southern Gaza Strip on Saturday were Islamic Jihad members, the terrorist group said.Islamic Jihad's armed wing, in a statement, said four of its fighters had been killed during "preparations", without giving further details. ...A source in Gaza had said that the explosion was caused by a homemade device.

Four Palestinians were killed and others injured after Israeli artillery shelling targeted an auto rickshaw in the city of Rafah, in southern Gaza Strip, on Saturday afternoon. Locals told Ma’an that Israeli artillery stationed along the border with Gaza fired missiles at the auto rickshaw, killing four and injuring other passers-by.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad militant group said four of its members were killed in an apparent accidental blast in the Gaza Strip on Saturday.
The group said in a statement that it was “mourning its fighters who were martyred during preparations”. It usually employs those terms to refer to casualties caused by the accidental detonation of weapons or explosives used in attacks against Israel.
Medics at the scene in the Rafah area said the explosion was caused by Israel.

Wafa has two versions.

Four killed in Israeli bombardment on Rafah or Four killed in a blast in Rafah
So, which version is correct?

Rabbi Speaks on Widow Podcast

Idf soldiers give candy to children

10 Apr 2018


A Message From R’ Bender On The Terrible Tragedy That Took The Lives Of Yisroel Levin Z”l and Elisheva Kaplan A”h

How One Mitzvah Led to Another

מסר מפי הרב ניר בן ארצי שליט"א

Are We Losing the War for Hearts and Minds?

Still alive

POWERFUL: 600 Holocaust Survivors, Children and Grandchildren Sing, ‘I’m Still Alive!’

One of the brothers of Yisroel Levin z'l, spoke at the levaya about the words of the Lo Lanu prayer in Hallel,

"Yisroel, trust in the Lord; He is their help and their shield. House of Aaron, trust in the Lord; He is their help and their shield."

Yisroel and Aharon were the names of the two brothers his family had lost in recent years. Upon googling the verse, I found an interesting insight about emunah and bitachon by Rabbi Eliezer Parkoff which can be read here. Coincidentally, I am in the midst of reading Mission Possible by Rabbi Parkoff.

IsraellyCool draws readers' attention to a tweet posted on April 9 2018 along with a photo, "three Palestinian school boys were run over earlier today by an Israeli colonizer."

It is amazing that these same Palestinian boys were in the same photo on August 11, 2017 in two articles titled, "4 Palestinian kids injured after jumping from car in contested incident with Israeli settler" and "Israeli settler 'deliberately' crashes into four Palestinian children."

9 Apr 2018

The course of history

Levaya Of Yisroel Levin Z’L In Eretz Yisroel - After bawling through most of the video, I came out with the message to appreciate life and thank Hashem for every minute, to ask for fogiveness from those one may have hurt, before it is too late, and, when seeing such an incredibly stalwart family, to internalize the message, mi keamcha Yisrael.

BDE: Eliyahu Ben Rivkah Rachel, Father of 7

In Bukhara, 10,000 Jewish Graves but Just 150 Jews

How a small pogrom in Russia changed the course of history

The Rare Chavrusa on Board

8 Apr 2018

Being Proactive


How about a proactive answer from the Torah and the second paragraph of the shema prayer?

Devarim:13-21 And it shall come to pass if you surely listen to the commandments...That I will give rain to your land, the early and the late rains...

10,000 Shidduchim, 10,000 Refuah Shlaimas In Klal Yisroel, 10,000 Yeshuos! Hear R’ Shaya Levin Being Maspid His Son

Students find lamps from Talmudic period, testimony to Jewish community in Samaria

7 Apr 2018

4 Apr 2018

Eruv Tavshilin

Passover- Eruv Tavshilin

Trump administration: Combating anti-Semitism a ‘priority,’ but no envoy named

The animal rights activist

She Pairs Up the "Chabad Misfits"

Coffee With Miryam: Live Now

The shooter at YouTube has been identified.

Aghdam's YouTube channels were removed in the hours after the shooting.

Before they were taken down, the description read: "Nasim the Persian Azeri female vegan bodybuilder, also animal rights activist promoting healthy and humane living."

Too bad she wasn't a human rights activist.

2 Apr 2018

Shalom, good morning

KikarHashabat reported in Hebrew about the passing of Rabbi Avichai Rontzki and quoted what Education Minister Naftali Bennett had to say about him. The minister said that he visited the the rabbi last Thursday and all he asked in a whisper was to start a custom in Israel that everyone should greet each other,'Shalom, good morning' with a smile. http://www.kikar.co.il/272773.html

When I read the above, I was reminded of a time when a woman who had moved to a new country after her marriage told me that her husband prayed at a synagogue very early Saturday morning and she was left to find a place of worship where she would feel comfortable praying a little later than her husband's minyan. She went from shul to shul in search of the one where she would feel most at home. She told me which one she had chosen and the decision came about because of two special womne who came over to the stranger in town and greeted her with a smile and welcomed her with open arms. It was a small gesture much appreciated by a woman who knew no one.

26 Mar 2018

From here to there

What is the row over Jeremy Corbyn and antisemitism about?

Notes From Johannesburg

'נכדת הנרצחת: 'לפחות חזרת לעולם האמת

The Salute

Liberals refuse to face the left’s growing anti-Semitism

I Have A Problem With David Hogg’s ‘Salute:’ Here’s Why

Jewish leaders savage Jeremy Corbyn for ‘hostile’ views on Jews

Rebecca Diserio writes, George Clooney was one of the big donors to the “March for Our Lives” event that took place yesterday, and he penned a letter demanding only anti-gun kids should speak on stage, saying, “You make me proud of my country.” 
Read more: https://madworldnews.com/clooney-anti-gun-marchers/?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter&utm_campaign=madworldnews

How about putting the blame on Hollowood stars who make movies where the hero is the one who uses a gun? What part do Hollywood actors have in a young man purchasing a gun?

23 Mar 2018

Hate "Crimes"

Parshas Tzav / Shabbos HaGadol - We Want Hashem Now!

Rabbi Mendel Kpalan posted on his Facebook page videos of a man throwing a rock at the Thornhill Synagogue alog with the comment, "Yet despite this obviously anti-Semitic and hateful act, replete with the historically ominous imagery of shattered glass — posted hours ago on here on my Facebook wall and shared umpteen times by so many — there has been nothing but deafening silence from the very same moralizing elected officials who flipped out when a young Muslim girl faked an attack on her Hijab."

Below is reporting from The Star on the two incidents that Rabbi Kaplan wrote about. One has "hate crime" in quotes, while the other doesn't.

York Regional Police are investigating a “hate-motivated crime” after the front doors of a synagogue in Thornhill were smashed in an apparent outburst of anti-Semitic violence caught on camera.
Read more: https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2018/03/21/police-investigating-after-man-caught-on-video-vandalizing-thornhill-synagogue.html

Over the next 10 minutes, she said she was attacked not once, but twice, by a man who is now a suspect in a Toronto police hate crime investigation.
Read more: https://www.thestar.com/news/crime/2018/01/12/man-cuts-hijab-off-girl-in-scarborough-police-say.html

Prime Minister Trudeau addressed the supposed hijab attack at a news conference which can be seen here.

17 Mar 2018


Meet the tech evangelist who now fears for our mental health

The Talmud Sotah (32b) explains, that the reason the sin offering (Chatos) and the burnt offering (Olah) were slaughtered in the same place, by the northern part of the Mizbayach, was to save sinners from embarrassment. Anyone witnessing someone bringing a Chatos could assume that it was a Olah, which is brought as a donation and not necessarily as kaparah for an aveira.

Using this as a source, the Sages made a regulation that Shmoneh Esreh must be recited quietly, in order not to embarrass people who confess their aveiros during their tefilah.

The first Torah reading in orbit, and 5 other soaring facts about Jews in space

Defense in Duma Arson/Murder Trial: State Investigation Consisted Entirely of Threats and Violence

15 Mar 2018

Walkouts and good deeds

CNN Runs Story Comparing ICE Agents To Nazis

This morning I read an article titled Tenn HS Students Brawl, Rip Down American Flag During Walkout Against ‘Gun Violence’ which contained a video of how some students resorted to less than peaceful behavior during a school walkout.

Later in the day I was passing a mall in Central Israel when a young girl stopped me and asked me if I would consent to write about a good deed I had done today on a bulletin board her school had placed in the shopping center. I agreed and saw that the board was titled "70 Good Deeds" which was a reference to Israel celebrating 70 years of independence in approximately a month's time. The girl handed me a candy that was attached to a slip of paper with a short biography of celebrated Israeli author Uri Orbach along with a poem about the Sabbath that he had composed.

I contemplated the contrast between the two school activities and wondered whether the school walkouts in America should have emphasized good deeds and respect for one another. This evening I found this letter addressed to American students. It was written by a retired teacher and is chock full of advice for them.

A public apology

Parashat Vayikra- The Danger of a Scholar Who Lacks Manners

Poland Looking to Recapture Role as Holocaust Commemoration Center

The View’s Joy Behar Issues Public Apology Over Insult to Christians

רבני לונדון קבעו: יום תפילה על גזירת החינוך

11 Mar 2018

The key to success

Warren Buffett Once Told a 14-Year-Old Kid the Secret to Success in 1 Simple Sentence

שמעו קטע: שירת 'אדון עולם' במטוס לצרפת

Parshas Vayikra: The Belzer Rebbe - Salt The Korban Mincha For A Perfect Mixture

Chazzanus Meets Jazz in “Sheyiboneh” Performance

Tweet tweet

A Father Disappointed in His Son

Last month Legal Insurrection tweeted Twitter suspends anti-Semitism watchdog Canary Mission after campaign by anti-Israel activists. Meanwhile Meanwhile, many of the people who Canary Mission exposed for anti-Semitism and terror support remain on Twitter.

In an update, Legal Insurrection posted The Canary Mission Twitter account appears to have been restored.

On March 7, Louis Farrakhan tweeted The FBI has been the worst enemy of Black advancement. The Jews have control over those agencies of government. #Farrakhan

The tweet is still up.

החרדית מהר נוף שניצחה במרתון ירושלים

5 Mar 2018


How Sainsbury’s helped a woman with advanced Alzheimer’s keep working

Democrats Stonewall Ed Civil Rights Nominee As Anti-Semitism in Schools Rises 94%

Sen. Todd Young: Palestinian Authority-supplied textbooks for UNRWA schools “promote violence and support martyrdom”

The Ultimate Marathoner

On the Occassion of Three Seders and Two ss

Rebbe's Letter Prevented a Suicide

YouTube Sponsoring 9/11 Truther As Part Of Multimillion Dollar Diversity Program

IsraellyCool alerts his readers to Ontario Jews To Host “Liberation Seder for Palestine”

The organization conducting the seder is offering two more seders, one in Hamilton, on the 2nd of April, and one in London, on the 6th of April.
They write about the legacy of Rabbi Akiva, as well as the ritual part of the seder.

Grape juice (fruit of the vine) will be included for the ritual part of the Seder. Unfortunately, the Ontario Government has moved its application system for Special Occassion Permit online.

I don't believe that ritual traditions and the legacy of Rabbi Akiva includes conducting the seders on the fourth day and the last day of Pesach. I also wonder why the faux spelling of occassion as opposed to thte true spelling, occasion? Is it to draw attention to the faux seder?

Below is a paragraph taken from a letter from the Lubavitcher Rebbe which can be viewed in its entirety by clicking the first link of the post.

As for the question, wherein lies the preservation of our people, and what is its historic destiny? - the answer is not difficult to find if we examine the pages of our history throughout the many centuries of our sojourn among the nations of the world. It is neither power, nor country, nor even a common language that preserved us in the past, but our Jewish way of life in accordance with the Torah, Torath Chayyim (the Law of Life) and Mitzvoth, whereby Jews live. Those who sought new ways, or staked the future of our Jewish people on other factors...disappeared without trace. Only the eternal Torah and Mitzvoth, the true Jewish way of life, preserved us in the past, as will preserve us in the future. 

3 Mar 2018

The Address

Jewish Group Outraged by BDS Founder’s Address to EU Parliament

צפו: כשהשוטרים הגויים רקדו עם החרדים המחופשים

Latest Palestinian Blood Libel: Bloody Purim Treats

"Kichu Mayitchem";"Take from yourselves a separation as a donation to the Mishkan." What does this peculiar word "Mayitchem" - "from yourselves" come to teach us? Isn't it obvious that the donations are coming from yourselves?

The Kli Yakar answers, many times people give Tzedoka only because of social pressures. They feel that they must give because it would be embarrassing to say "no" to the prominent Rosh Yeshiva who came to his house. Or at an appeal in his Shul, it would be disgraceful for him if he does not announce that he too is giving a substantial sum to this worthy cause, after all his buddies threw around the "big numbers". Such donations are not Mayitchem - from yourselves. It is not you giving the money, rather the social pressure of others. The pasuk is telling us that for the donations of the Mishkan it should be purely yours. Whatever you give should be what you would like to give, not what you would like others to think that you gave!

1 Mar 2018

Coins of fire

Parashat Ki Tissa- Enabling Our Misvot to Ascend

פרשת כי תשא • הגאון רבי דוד לאו עם וורט על הפרשה

Police in France arrested four teenagers who are suspected of beating a Jewish boy with a stick and taking away his kippah outside a synagogue north of Paris.
Read more: https://www.jta.org/2018/03/01/news-opinion/arab-teenagers-arrested-beating-jewish-boy-outside-paris-area-synagogue

The Medrash tells us that in order to explain the mitzva of the Shekalim, Hashem took out a coin of fire from underneath his Kisei HaKavod and showed it to Moshe. Rav Elyashiv asks two questions. First, had Moshe Rabbeinu never seen a coin in his life? Second, what exactly is Hashem doing hiding coins under his Kisei HaKavod?

He answers with a Tosfos in Chulin (42a) that Moshe couldn't understand how money, the most earthly of all creations, can save someone's neshama (Kofer Nefesh). So Hashem showed him a coin. Which coin? The gemara in Bava Basra (11a) says that during a hunger year Munbaz HaMelech emptied out his treasure chest to feed the poor people. His family became very mad that he was squandering the royal wealth. To this he replied that he is not losing the money, he saving the money up in Shamayim in a place where it will last forever while they squander money down on earth where it will eventually disappear.

Rav Elyashiv says these are the coins that Hashem took out to show Moshe. The coins that are given for tzedoka with Mesiras Nefesh are precious and are saved by Hashem under the Kisei HaKavod. Moshe understood that coins are made of destructive fire. They cause jealousy, cheating, stealing, and murder. Hashem showed him that coins can be made out of productive fire. Coins given for tzedoka can light the world and warm the world with their "Holy fire". On these coins Hashem said "Kazeh Yitnu". If the people give in this fashion then even coins can be Kofer Nefesh and money can redeem your soul.

Happy Purim

The man was a garbage collector. He was walking down the street dumping the garbage bags and fitting empty bags into the small bins that lined the streets of central Israel. When he saw me, he broke into a smile. "Happy Purim," he greeted me exuberantly. "Chag Purim Sameach. Chag Pesach Sameach."
He blessed me with health and wished that my life would be filled with happy occasions. I broke into a wide grin and told him that he had made my day and had brought a smile to my face. Fortunately, I had the presence of mind to wish him the same that he had wished me.
As I walked away, I reflected on what had just transpired. Most people would judge the man by his profession and how much money he was earning. I thought to myself that, although he was a garbage collector, his net worth was more than any millionaire.



Crown Heights Shomrim Take Down a Perp Stealing Packages Off Porches

27 Feb 2018

The Fast of Esther

It is written in the holy book "Kav Hayashar" any individual who needs divine assistance Rachamonus- compassion on any issue should say Psalm 22, Ayelet Hashachar on Tannis Esther. Just as Esther was helped so to in the merit of Esther and Mordechai Hashem will open the gates of compassion for his children. Purim is called a day of Ratzon a special time of prayer, Yom Ki Purim. Yom Kippur is called a day like Purim the gates of heaven are open. So let us turn to our G-d and open those Gates. 

Why Give Half-Shekels to Charity on Taanit Esther?

Brother of Florida Shooting Victim On Why He Wore A Yarmulke During Meeting With Trump

The two Ani Maamins

Jewish pride at Times Square as thousands of students await the coming of Moshiach and Sing 'Ani Mamin'

Who's Afraid of 'Ani Maamin?'

"רובשקין מאשים: "נזרקתי לצינוק בגלל כיפה

5 lessons from the Rebbe

Fogel family sues the Palestinian Authority

BDS Leader Invited to Speak at EU Parliament, Jewish Groups Protest

25 Feb 2018

Performing Mitzvot

Historic Siyum Sefer Torah in Times Square Honors Parkland, Florida Victims

Risking Life to Perform Mitzvot in Bergen-Belsen

The Right One

Op-Ed: It just wasn’t the Right One! Or Was It?

Havdallah in Times Square

Why do we give Matanos L'Evyonim on Purim? The Alshich HaKadosh says in the name of the Ralbag that after Gezeiras Haman, Eliyahu went to Moshe and asked him to daven to Hashem to spare the Yehudim. Moshe Rabbeinu asked Eliyahu if there was a tzaddik down on earth who can help him with his tefilos. Eliyahu answered that there is tzaddik named Mordechai. Moshe told Eliyahu to tell Mordechai to daven and Moshe would daven at the same time. Hopefully between the two of them there would be a Geula.

In appreciation for Moshe Rabbeinu's help in bringing the Yeshua, Mordechai HaTzaddik instituted Matanos L"Evyonim in order that each person should give tzedoka on Purim L'Zecher Nishmas Moshe Rabbeinu.

18 Feb 2018

The comforting Rabbi

Rabbi Comforts Shooting Victims

Darkness and Light in Florida

מסר מפי הרב ניר בן ארצי שליט"א לפרשת תצווה-זכור תשע"ח

The Rabbi's Blessing

South Africa’s New President Receives a Rabbi’s Blessing

איך נזכה לאריכות ימים ושנים? • צפו

The Meticulousness of the Mishkan in our Lives

The Ohr HaChaim brings from the Zohar that each of the four Galuyos that Am Yisroel have been cast into is redeemed in the merit of someone else. In the first Galus we were redeemed in the Zechus of Avrohom, the second in the zechus of Yitzchok, and the third in the zechus of Yaakov. The final redemption will be in the zechus of Moshe. However Moshe Rabbeinu refuses to redeem us unless we learn Torah and do mitzvos. This is why the galus is lasting so long.

The Ohr HaChaim reads this into the words in Parshas Titzaveh (27:20). "VAta Titzaveh Es Bnei Yisroel ViYikchu Eilecha Shemen Zayis Zach". "Tzav" is an expression of to reign as king. Hashem tells Moshe, "VAta Titzaveh", that after the last galus, Moshe will reign over us once again. However there is a condition attached to this. "ViYikchu Eilecha Shemen Zayis Zach" only if Bnei Yisroel learns the pure words of the Torah which is compared to olive oil. "Zach" he says means pure. The Torah must be lishma, for the sake of Hashem and not to argue or to glorify yourself.

16 Feb 2018

The tribute

The conference I attended recently was advertised to be in Tel Aviv - Yafo. When I got off the bus, I was a bit apprehensive because the sign above me read Givatayim. I thought perhaps I had the wrong instructions. However, I ended up at the venue within minutes.
Afterwards, I set out to retrace my steps back to the bus stop and was amazed to see a chasid bringing items back and forth to a lit area. Curious, I looked to see where he was going and realized it was a cemetery. I asked him if there was someone's kever in the cemetery where people daven. Immediately he told me that people go to the Stefenezh Rebbe. "People who daven there, their prayers are answered."
I made my way to the kever and read some pirkei Tehillim and prayed. On my way out, I, once again, encountered the chasid who was busy preparing tables laden with food. He told me that people from all over and from all sectors of society congregate at the cemetery at 9 o'clock on Thursday evening for communal prayer. Additionally, they can partake of the food which is spread out on two tables.
Only in Israel does one set out for a conference and ends up praying at a Rav's kever. May all our prayers be answered for the good.

Parshas Terumah - The Message Of The Keruvim

Rav Yaakov Kaminetsky on Megillat Esther- Purim

Son's Tribute Song to His Mother

הסגולה היומית: איך נבטל מעצמנו את היצר הרע? • צפו

15 Feb 2018

The Grocery Boy

Sparks of Holiness

What The Grocery Boy Saw

Son of Holocaust survivor named president of Harvard

Forever Young

Surveillance video posted on TLS helps retrieve stolen Talis and Tefillin

British Jews ‘Appalled’ by King’s College London Protest Against Former Israeli Minister

Jamie Guttenberg A”H has been identified as a victim in today’s massacare at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, FL.
Read more: https://www.theyeshivaworld.com/news/general/1469603/bde-first-jewish-victim-identified-in-florida-school-massacre.html
Below is an image that the young girl had posted on her Facebook page a while back.

Below is a Facebook post that I came across today.

In today’s Chumash, the posuk describes the poles for the walls of the Mishkan as “Atzei Shitim Omdim,” pieces of wood that were standing upright. 
The Gemara explains that there is a deeper meaning to this posuk as well: The posuk is saying that these poles are “Omdim,” they are standing forever. The Mishkan is not only something that stood in the times of the Midbar, but the walls of the Mishkan will still stand when Moshiach comes! The Medrash also says that the whole Mishkan is hiding, but we will find it when Moshiach comes, and Hashem will again rest there. See Gemara Sukkah 45b

13 Feb 2018

The mother's chair

France gives long-unclaimed artwork to Jewish couple's heirs

'הגר"ח קנייבסקי: 'הייתי אומר לבטל לגמרי את הבין הזמנים

PJ Library delivers its 100,000th book in Britain

The story related below is an example of how to honor one's parents to the utmost. It reminded me of a previous post that I wrote about Dr.Yashar Hirshaut a couple of years ago.

I was witness to his walking to shul in Lawrence with his aging mother. He carried a chair with him and every so often he would stop and set the chair on the ground so that his mother would be able to rest before continuing on her walk to the synagogue on Shabbat. The sight left an indelible impression on my mind and serves as a paradigm of how to fulfill the mitzvah of kibbud av va'em.